Athens, Greece holds a lot of appeal for those seeking an almost-magical historical experience. With so many ancient ruins and structures and the stories behind them, it’s easy to see why Athens is a hot spot for tourists. Here are some sights in Athens that are worth checking out.
This symbol of ancient Greece, which is located on the Acropolis, was built for the goddess Athena. The temple took 15 years to complete once it began construction in 447 BC. It was built over the ruins of the previous temple of Athena, which fell during the invasion of the Persians in 480 BC.
Founded in 2003 and opened to the public in 2008, this new museum displays artifacts that have been excavated from the site of the Acropolis. Built on the archaeological site of Makrygianni, the artifacts contained within go as far back as the Greek Bronze Age.
National Archaeological Museum
The National Archaeological Museum carries artifacts from several archaeological sites around Greece. The museum was completed in 1889 and won it’s place as one of the world’s greatest museums and the bearer of the largest collection of Greek artifacts.
Temple of Poseidon
This temple was erected as a dedication to Poseidon – God of the Sea, as a place for sea-bearers to request safety by means of gifts or animal sacrifice. It’s construction was completed on top of the ruins of an older temple in 440 BC and overlooks the sea on Cape Sounion.
This famous mountain stands 908 feet above sea level and is the highest point in Athens. On top of the mountain, you can find the Chapel of St George which drives tourists to the summit to enjoy theatre and dining.
The Ancient Agora rests on the Kolonus Agoraios (Market Hill) and is believed to have been erected in 6th century BC. The wide open area made it perfect as the center of political gatherings and public hearings.
Temple of Olympian
The ruins of the Olympian can be found in the center of Athens. The temple was once a mighty structure built for the God Zeus in 2nd century AD. In 3rd century AD, the temple was damaged when the area was invaded, but it was never repaired. Much of the materials from the ruins were taken to be used as building supplies for other structures.
You can find Hadrian’s Library north of the Acropolis. The building was established by the Roman Emperor Hadrian 132 AD and was used to keep the rolls of papyrus for public use. The structure also had lecture halls and reading rooms.
Hill of Areopagus
The “Rock of Ares” is found north-west of the Acropolis and is a prime vantage point for overlooking Athens. Once used as the high court and senate, mythology dictates that this is where the god Ares was tried for the murder of Alirrothios.
Also known as the “Tower of the Winds”, the Horologion is, essentially, a clock. With various sundials and a weather vane, the marble tower was created in 2nd century BC.