If history is your passion, then Bagamoyo is the destination. This Tanzanian town is home to some intriguing ancient ruins, ripe with discovery.
Bagamoyo is a town in the Pwani Region and has a population of about 30,000 people. Recognized as a World Heritage Site, the town, itself has an old-world charm and many interesting sites from days past and present. The real attention-grabber, however, are the Ruins of Kaole which lie only 3 miles east of Bagamoyo.
The Ruins of Kaole date back to aboutÂ the 13th-century and are composed of a couple of mosques and several tombs with Islamic impressions. One of these mosques is the oldest in all of Africa.Â The area was once inhabited by an ancient Shirazi group – a Swahili community, and is the burial place of the revered leaders of the area. What makes the structure of the tombs so interesting is the medium used in their development. A pebbled limestone made up of ancient material from the coral reef, known as “coral rag” was used in conjunction with columns to build thick walls that have mostly fallen, but are still very noticeable today.
A small museum in the area displays artifacts found on the archaeological site, including items found from China, proving a history of trade relationships with the far east.